According to Hindu rituals it is believed that the spirit of the dead person remains near their loved ones and is not able to gain salvation (moksha). So, we perform Pind Daan of the dead people. The successors need to perform “Pind Daan in Gaya” to free the spirits of their ancestors. It is said that until the successor performs “Shradh in Gaya” the spirits wait and suffer pain and cannot leave their loved ones though they have lost their human body. The spirits cannot free themselves of this material world and need “Pind Daan” to help them leave this world and gain eternal peace. They get mukti from the cycle of birth and death. It is said that they wait eagerly for their sons to perform their “Pind Daan” and also said that they hover around when their “shradh” is being performed. So, people from all over the world come to Gaya to pay their last rites to their ancestors so that they attain “moksha” from this world. When people die unnatural death and their soul is unsatisfied “Pind Daan” helps them gain salvation. People also feel after “Pind Daan” their life has improved in different aspects thus implying that they get blessings when “Pind Daan” is performed for their ancestors.
Gaya is also known as “Moksha Dhaam”. According to mythology Lord Vishnu killed demon Gayasur here. So, Gaya derives its name from the demon. Thus, Gaya became very holy and people who visit this place are known to get freed from their sins. Also, therefore “Shradh” ceremony performed here helps attain Moksha of the dead people.
Pind Daan in Gaya is performed in Gaya in Vishnupad Temple on the bank of river Phalgu. “Pind Daan” is usually performed by the son or male member of the family. The ancestors i.e the dead people of the family are offered balls made of rice and flour also called ”Pind”. “Pind Daan” is usually performed during “Pitra-Paksha” just before Navratri begins. It is a period of fortnight when it is performed by thousands of people in Gaya every year.
According to Kurmpuran , Pind Daan is expected to be done by people for their ancestors for the salvation and mukti from cycle of life and death. It also benefits the person who has performed the Shradh ceremony and brings him good luck.
Types of Pind Daan :
It is usually performed when there is lack of time since it takes only one day to perform Ekodrishti Gaya Shradh. Akshayvat, Vishnupad Temple and Niranjana or Falgu river are the three vedis which have to be covered to perform Ekodrishti Gaya Shradh. While in some cases where death is unnatural or accidental Pind Daan has to be performed at Gaya Kup, Dharmaranya and Pretshilla Hill.
It is usually performed when a person suffers from Pitri Dosh or Pitri Shaap. It helps remove the difficulties in the person’s life due to unfulfilled desires of his ancestors. The souls are satisfied by Narayan Bali Shradh and thus their successors are free from ill-luck.
It is performed to remove the sins of killing a snake. Since, snakes are worshipped in India and considered auspicious.
It is performed in memory of family members who are no more alive. It helps the dead get rid of Pret Yoni.
All the 54 vedis are needed to be covered to perform this shradh.
Places of Pind Daan in Gaya :
|Falgu River||Brahma Kund|
|Jiwha loll||Gajadhar Jee||Sarswati|
|Yagnipada||Dadhisthi Pada||Kanna Pada|
|Mat Gowapi||Ko Pada||Agastha Pada|
|Gayakup||Munda Pristha||Adi Gaya|
|Dhout Pada||Bhim Gaya||Go Prachar|
|Gada Loll||Dhud Tarpan||Baitarni|